5G Communications

4G/LTE and previous Generations RF Spectrum usage were all below 6GHz

Current Mil/Aero Communications operate under an umbrella of heterogeneous networks that enable the provision of interoperable voice, video and data services across a global environment, segmented according to security policies, transmission requirements and individual needs of the end-user.

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NI 5G mmWave Transceiver System (MTS)

Software Defined Radio (SDR) designed for 5G; it has 2 GHz of Instantaneous Bandwidth that can create Over-the-Air (OTA) protypes of 5G New Radio (NR) communication links. A multi-FPGA processing architecture makes it possible to both capture and generate 2 GHz of data in real-time.

  • Single Input Single Output (SISO) – one Antenna at Input / one Antenna at Output
  • Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) – multiple Antennas at Input
ModelBandwidthMIMO / SISOLink
865019-03up to 2 GHzSISOUnidirectional - Downlink only
865019-04up to 2 GHzSISOBidirectional - Uplink & Downlink only
865019-05up to 2 GHz2x2 MIMOUnidirectional - Downlink only
865019-06up to 2 GHz2x2 MIMOBidirectional - Uplink & Downlink only


NI mmWave Radio Heads

Model24.25 to 33.4 GHz37 to 42.5 GHz71 to 76 GHz
Transmit onlymmRH 3642mmRH 3643mmRH 3647
Receive onlymmRH 3652mmRH 3653mmRH 3657
TransceivermmRH 3602mmRH 3603-

Advantages of PXIe-5673

  • Real-time Over-the-Air (OTA) mmWave Radio Heads up to 76GHz
  • Up to 2GHz Instantaneous Bandwidth on PXIe Vector Signal Transceievr module
  • Flexibility only found with PXIe architecture
mmWave Transceiver Product Flyer


  • 1G – Voice only, solely analog technology with max speed of 2.4Kbps
  • 2G – Voice, text, and limited data, with max speed of 1Mbps (EDGE)
  • 3G – Voice, text, data, with a max speed of 2Mbps
  • 4G/LTE – current standard, with a max speed of 1Gbps
  • 5G – future standard, with a max speed of 20Gbps

5G RF Spectrum usage will be below 6GHz combined with mmWave to 76GHz

Future Mil/Aero 5G Communications will serve as an aggregator technology that will encompass a range of network types and technologies to serve both traditional voice, video and data requirements to the end-user, as well as opening up capabilities to enable connectivity across devices including vehicles, machine-to-machine, sensors and other devices. 5G promises significantly faster data rates, higher connectivity density, much lower latency, better network security, and improved battery life – among other improvements.

However, mmWave Signals are susceptible to ‘blocking’ from either natural or manmade structures. Therefore, intelligent Radar Beam Scanning and Forming techniques are necessities for 5G Communications.

  • Beam Scanning – is the first process, so the base station can identify the most effective beam location for a specific user terminal; which will result in higher signal strength, particularly by using higher order modulation schemes.
  • Beam Forming – the characterization of the spatial channel between antenna elements and user terminals. This is generally referred to as the ‘Channel State Information (CSI)’. CSI is used to digitally encode and decode the data transmitted and received by the antenna array.

DARPA is on a path to improve Mil/Aero Communications with Digital Phased-Arrays at mmWave frequencies.

DARPA mmWave Digital Arrays (MIDAS) Program is looking to solve adaptive beamforming problems and ensure wide solutions for diverse Mil/Aero applications.

One initiative is to create a Digital Array tile that will enable multi-beam directional communications.

Related Products

NI 5G mmWave Transceiver System with NewRadio Base Station Software

NewRadio Base Station Software

Model: PXIe-1085

Part Number: 781813-01

Model: PXIe-1095

Part Number: 783882-01

Datasheet & Specifications

Model: PXIe-8880

Part Number: 783513-04

Model: PXIe-8880

Part Number: 783513-05

Model: PXIe-8880

Part Number: 783513-33

Model: PXIe-7911

Part Number: 785172-01

Model: PXIe-7912

Part Number: 785173-01

Model: PXIe-7915

Part Number: 785174-01


Part Number: 778694-35

Develop and debug custom hardware logic that you can compile and deploy to NI FPGA hardware.

Products & Solutions

Avionics Communications Mil/Aero

Avionics Communications is one of the most critical systems onboard any aircraft.

Abaco Systems offers an extensive line of MIL-STD-1553 databus products for all your test applications:

  • Development, Test and Simulation
  • Embedded
  • Lab and Flightline


RA15-MPCIE MIL-STD-1553 includes advanced API (Application Programming Interface) software that reduces application development time


  • Operating temperature range: -40°C to +85°C
  • Relative humidity: Up to 95% (noncondensing)


  • 1 or 2 dual redundant MIL-STD-1553 Channels
Get the Data Sheet


R15-LPCIE MIL-STD-1553 includes advanced API (Application Programming Interface) software that reduces application development time

Available Software GUI

  • BT-1553 Analysis, Test and Simulation for MIL-STD-1553
  • LV-1553 LabVIEW for MIL-STD-1553


  • Operating temperature range: -40°C to +70°C
  • Relative humidity: 5 to 95% (non-condensing)


  • 1 or 2 dual redundant MIL-STD-1553 Channels
Get the Data Sheet


RAR15XF dual MIL-STD-1553 and ARINC-429 includes advanced API (Application Programming Interface) software that reduces application development time


  • Operating temperature range: -40°C to +75°C
  • Relative humidity: Up to 95% (noncondensing)


  • 2 or 4 dual redundant MIL-STD-1553 Channels
  • (10) Rx and 4 or 8 bi-directional ARINC-429 Channels
Get the Data Sheet

Important Factors

  • Deterministic behavior
  • Fault tolerance
  • Redundancy

The key attribute required in Avionics Communications is ‘flexibility’ – both the flexibility to transition from the lab to the embedded world, and the flexibility to simulate and test a wide range of bus configurations with a single interface.

DoD MIL/AERO Avionics Communications Buses

  • MIL-STD-1397C primary Navy Systems digital bus
  • MIL-STD-1553 primary MIL/AERO Avionics Communications bus
  • MIL-STD-1760 a variant of MIL-STD-1553 primarily used with weapon buses
  • MIL-STD-1773 Fiber optic bus version of MIL-STD-1553
Get the MIL-STD-1553 Protocol Tutorial